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论文题目 A Field Investigation on Gully Erosion and Implications for Changes in Sediment Delivery Processes in Some Tributaries of the Upper Yellow River in China
作  者 阳辉,师长兴,曹建生;
发表年度 2022
刊物名称 ISPRS INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF GEO-INFORMATION
卷、期、页码 11; 5;
影响因子
论文摘要
Erosion and sediment delivery have been undergoing considerable variations in many catchments worldwide owing to climate change and human interference. Monitoring on-site erosion and sediment deposition is crucial for understanding the processes and mechanisms of changes in sediment yield from the catchments. The Ten Kongduis (kongdui is the transliteration of ephemeral creeks in Mongolian) are 10 tributaries of the upper Yellow River. Severe erosion in the upstream hills and gullies and huge aeolian sand input in the middle reaches had made the 10 tributaries one of the main sediment sources of the Yellow River, but the gauged sediment discharge of the tributaries has decreased obviously in recent years. In order to find out the mechanisms of changes in the sediment load of the tributaries, topographic surveys of four typical gullies in 3 of the 10 tributaries were made repeatedly in the field with the terrestrial laser scanning (TLS) technique. The results show that all the monitored gullies were silted with a mean net rate of 587-800 g/m(2) from November 2014 to June 2015 and eroded by a mean net rate of 185-24,800 g/m(2) from June to November 2015. The monitoring data suggest that the mechanism of interseasonal and interannual sediment storage and release existed in the processes of sediment delivery in the kongduis. The contrast of the low gauged sediment load of the kongduis in recent years against the high surveyed gully erosion indicates the reduction in their sediment delivery efficiency, which can be attributed to the diminution in hyperconcentrated flows caused mainly by the increase in vegetation coverage on slopes and partly by construction of sediment-trapping dams in gullies.
 
全文链接 http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijgi11050288
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